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    مصطلحات علم النفس-Millennium

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    مصطلحات علم النفس-Millennium

    مُساهمة  بوح الروح في الثلاثاء نوفمبر 17, 2009 10:41 am

    [b]
    Millennium


    Excitement, arousal:
    In physiology, Thriller nerve or muscle so that the resulting rush of a particular. In physics, the transfer of corn or a corn kernel, the state of minimal energy (Ground State) to the case of a higher power level, and know the latter case, b - <-activated situation (cf.. Also: Energy arousal).
    Cultural anthropology, ethnology:
    A branch of anthropology looks at the origins of different peoples, their characteristics, distribution and relationships to each other, studying their cultures analytical study also compared.
    Frustration:
    In psychology, circumstance or a situation or action that interferes between a man and to achieve a social or psychological needs. And frustration is often an external origin.
    For example, you might want to participate in the gala Fimnek your father than that. The resulting frustration, sometimes in the same bug you yourself, or suffer a disability, or a decrease in the level of intelligence you have, or Tsdrick to achieve the objectives are far away than to inform Bakdratk or qualification.
    Whatever, the frustrations one to make a greater effort, and often provokes anger and lured to a course of aggression, but not repented of any serious mental illness, unless continued or repeated again and again. Not only that, but that frustration may be based, as a person, a lamb, to find solutions to new problems.
    Dreams:
    Some researchers knew dreams by saying it was a series of images, ideas or emotions, which is to one's mind during sleep. And defined by others saying it was <plays> mental perception aspect of the life of the sleeper is conscious.
    There are some people who claim that <does not see the dreams>, but this claim is not true. In fact, all people dream their dreams, however, that many of them unable to remember these dreams when you awake. Stimuli, and dreams some psychological and some of Physiology. As for the psychological stimuli is represented in the underlying desires that you are trying to express themselves during sleep.
    The physiological stimuli arise from many conditions, among them, for example, eating one's dinner such as lie heavy on his digestive system unable to represent. The people about me, since ancient times, interpretation of dreams. But the Study of Dreams scientific study methodology did not begin until the early twentieth century after Freud published his book Freud <interpretation of dreams> The Interpretation of Dreams (1899) have gone on to say that the dream comes from Aldwoai or without awareness, and that a desire suppressed by the saturation of vision.
    And the difficulty in the interpretation of dreams but that this is due to pent-up desire manifests itself in the form of a convincing, here is a set of symbols that are <keys> used to understand the dream. The Alfred Adler was that the dream of <anticipatory function> in the sense that the dreamer is expected to face a problem, soon, he is preparing for this confrontation by way of a dream, The Young and come to dream an automatic process based on the activities of the unconscious independent.
    Rehabilitation Psychiatry, Psychobiology:
    Study of mental life and behavior as they relate to biological processes. Adolf Meyer, is leading this science. He went on to say that the success of any doctor in dealing with cases of mental illness under study the genetic background of the patient, and experience over in his life, and environmental pressures suffered.
    Will, freedom of the will:
    Individual's ability to make decisions, especially in the crucial issues, or to choose between various alternatives, or to work in some cases, however, will restrict the natural barriers, social or metaphysics.
    Hence, it is the opposite <the inevitable> that says that the actions of one's prejudices are the result of factors which it has no authority and the antithesis of <constraint> any fatalism. Sayers and free will build on the basis of their belief in the various communities that people are responsible for their own business, a belief which is based upon all the concepts of law, reward and punishment.
    The more existential philosophies of the modern emphasis on freedom and responsibility for one's work.
    Reaction, reflexivity:
    Individual's ability to make decisions, especially in the crucial issues, or to choose between various alternatives, or to work in some cases, however, will restrict the natural barriers, social or metaphysics.
    Hence, it is the opposite <the inevitable> that says that the actions of one's prejudices are the result of factors which it has no authority and the antithesis of <constraint> any fatalism. Sayers and free will build on the basis of their belief in the various communities that people are responsible for their own business, a belief which is based upon all the concepts of law, reward and punishment.
    The more existential philosophies of the modern emphasis on freedom and responsibility for one's work.
    Conditional reaction, conditional reflex:
    In psychology, an involuntary response to the stimulus of such a response does not occur unless the organism was subjected to a process known as - <conditioning> Conditioning. Eg dog Driveling if promises to hear sound of the bell whenever it was time for familiar food, even if food is present.
    The Attam reactions occur when the dog is Mushartp Unconditione Reflexes, instinctive responses to any unearned or educated. The bell occurs Artkasa a policeman, as it is not for the bell in the parent effect on the dog's salivary glands.
    But when he returns dog that links between food and sound of the bell, then respond to the bell and respond normally to food. And the first experiences in this field physiological Russian Pavlov.
    Insomnia:
    Omission omission chronic sleep. Insomnia arises in many cases by noise or pain or strong light. It may be just a display D on a neurological condition resulting from illness or anxiety or neurosis. And insomnia treated to remove its causes.
    It is good that the injured insomnia some physical exercise during the day, and to deal with a hot drink and soak feet in warm water before home to bed. If you do not find all this may not be a choice but to address some sleeping pills.
    Life, conjuring:
    Try to connect to the lives of the dead through a medium normally. He has appeared in the United States of America, during the nineteenth century, many groups practiced conjuring different ways, and then spread the practice in many other countries in order to reveal the unseen in the first place.
    Still seances held in the homes and forums to this day, in which the audience has, in what is alleged, letters on paper, intermediary Idunha codification automatically. There are reports that confirm that the voices of life often heard during seances, especially when held in the midst of darkness.
    Offset, the disqualification:
    In psychology, mask Tstunah Alvkrat suppressed in the struggle in the process of expression itself. But this is called the mask <offset> or <removed> because the person or the real thing related to the painful anniversary <removed,> or <to crack> in the dream, to be replaced by someone or something else. But there is always the semi-joke between one thing or the thing-oriented and replaced it.
    Introspection:
    In psychology, to examine one's thoughts and attitudes and feelings. In other words: one's mind and hopes to record all what happens when he thinks of rights or feel or want. And are starting to Psychology Alastbtani with the German font Wundt (1832 - 1920). The main objective, which dropped by owners of this method is to know what's really happening when the human mind is subject to the influential.
    Response:
    In physiology, behavior unfolds organism or part thereof as a result of exposure to the stimulus given.
    Acquisitions:
    Obsession, or sense of what, one authoritarian accompanied by abnormally strong emotion makes you want to do something, despite his control at times. The term is also called the sense of <concern> is the idea (or feelings) that are besetting a man as such inconsistency. And acquisitions mental condition satisfactory unfolding of an inventory of psychological symptoms severe.
    Alastziab:
    Fancy a mental disorder that affects one wolf or any other predator. This mental disorder occurs more curious what happens when tribes who believe Baltqms (cf.. Reincarnation).
    Alastaraiip, exhibitionism:
    Deviation is characterized by tendency to disclose one's genitalia as the preferred means he has to achieve sexual pleasure. This deviation is almost limited to males. In fact, the <Alastaraii> or <Alavtdahi> takes advantage, usually in person to show for it Flasher reactions or emotional reaction (Kalachmizaz or panic).
    Projection, Alidvae, Affixing:
    In psychology, the tendency for one to be attributed to another person, or to the entire group, some of his feelings or wishes or incentives, in order to relaxation of shame normally. It is the belief that envy Envier trait inherent in all people, and believing that the fraudulent deception of the various souls Chim.
    Heterosexual pedophilia, sexual heterogeneous:
    Natural sexual orientation to members of the opposite sex. And its opposite: homosexuals or homosexuality. Homosexuals, same sex, sexual orientation, similar to members of the sex, especially among males is known as sodomy or buggery. As for homosexuals female realizes Balshak.
    Scientists have gone on to explain this phenomenon, various doctrines, some of them Fzaha to biological reasons related to sex hormones, and attributed others to psychological reasons. There have been attempts to address this anomaly surgical times, and Gadea at times, but it is not notable success. For this resort today, more resort to the treatment modalities in psychiatry.
    Exaltation:
    In psychology, energy conversion incentive instinct or what, the goal of the highest moral or cultural. When we are unable to express their incentives or instincts We tend to control and channel their energies in the sewers again, it is better than suppressed anyway. And the process of upholding a spontaneous process, but need to be unconscious, of course, despite the fact that this process may begin before sometimes be felt by one long.
    Announcement:
    Industry designed to entice people to buy a certain commodity, and therefore by definition and show its advantages relative to other similar goods or competition. And advertising in a broad sense as old as the sale and trade.
    Perhaps the first manifestations vendors call their goods in a manner encouraging Mangump in most cases, and the suspension of propaganda billboards on the walls in the markets and streets. The announcement in the narrow sense that we understand it today grew up strong and with the emergence of newspapers and magazines, and developed industry Vaguethm the field of radio, television and cinemas.
    Electra, Electra complex:
    Node are psychological attachment to the girl accompanied by her father sexually obsessed with jealousy of the mother as a rival to the heart of the girl and her father. They show, first appear, usually in between the third and fifth years of age. May be a source of instability in the personality of the girl, in the post, if not resolved. The term of the development of Freud and a reference to the myth of Electra (Table. Oedipus, node).
    Pain:
    Convey a sense of abomination via nerves sharply, ranging from slight discomfort and very worried enough to sign the turmoil in the functions of the body. The pain is distinctly displayed refers to the physical defect. But the degree of pain may not be appropriate in many cases with the seriousness of the illness. The surgeon TOOTHACHE surface and capable of causing pain is not unbearable, but the source of clear and possible disposal of treatment.
    In contrast, the serious sores in the stomach or intestines, and even some deadly diseases, may not occur more than a slight pain. We often deal with pain drugs mainly or mitigate its severity, but these drugs do not do anything more than that, because it does not address the real causes of pain.
    Is that why, recreation:
    That aspect of the subconscious self - according to the theory of Freudian psychoanalysis - which is the source of instinctive energy or bestiality in man, especially sexuality and the tendency to aggression. And that why or recreation oldest of the three aspects of self and Ospgaha to appear, which requires satisfying sooner, but the other two sides, ego and superego, Eekphanh and are working to control it (cf.. Also: ego; and superego).
    Exams:
    In the terminology of education, tests are conducted to discover the amount and quality of knowledge collected by students during a certain period of the study. Subject to the examinations, in most cases, large numbers of students, and applied to all standards and one. France is the most adherent system standardized tests.
    After five years spent by students in primary school to choose a small percentage - via a common examination deep distress - to enter the Lycée Lycée or college, while the rest consisted attached to secondary schools with a lower level.
    At the end of the study in the Lycee hold a common examination deep hardship, too, is the baccalaureate exam, and the results of this test depends student entering the university or not. In the United States of America do not play exams such as this essential role in the student transfers from one stage of education to another.
    For example, he did not have to go beyond the stage when it was completed primary education barrier Amthania transmitted to the stage of secondary education. No matter what arguments had been based, since the term is short, about the validity of the exams.
    The campaign heated up on the exams in the last period to end a claim some scientists of Education be abolished. And go demanding the scrapping of exams that they do not give an accurate picture of potential students and their educational cultural reality, and that the results to a large extent arbitrary, especially because the student is not at the examination in his natural as were the examiner himself.
    Most scientists recognize that education, but they say that the exams if they are evil is a necessary evil and were content to call so that the development of these results a positive role in the final verdict on the student.
    Ego:
    One of the aspects that make up the three self-defense, according to the theory of psychoanalysis, which he said by Freud. The two others are <Is that why> or <dabble> and superego.
    The ego conscious link between man and reality, and is acting as a conciliator between the demands of <Is that why> or <dabble> instinctive and the strict control imposed by the superego. In a word, the ego is the rational side of human personality which is helping you to maintain Bhetwasenh psychological (cf.. Also: superego; and that why).
    Superego, ego-Semitism:
    One of the aspects that make up the three self-defense, according to the theory of psychoanalysis, which he said by Freud. This aspect is the ideal ones, and includes the control of injunctions usually defined as <Conscience>. The superego unconscious in the base, but rise to the level of feeling in critical situations and act as a deterrent or Police Vigilant Sentinel (cf.. Also: ego; and that why).
    Extroversion:
    In psychology, which concerns the position of going to each one that is outside the self more than moving towards self and experience self. This is dynamic situation typically produced and correlated to mix with people, strangers and stand position is strong and heat, as is also participating in social activities of different kinds and patterns. The term of the development of Carl Jung. Is the opposite of convergence (cf.. Realignment).
    Deflection:
    Deviation from the established policy of the party (in the ideology of Marxism in particular). Sometimes accused by individuals, groups or suites altogether. The parties exchange sister charged with delinquency as well, like what happened in the sixties and seventies of the twentieth century, when the Chinese Communist Party went on to say that the Soviet Communist Party has strayed from the line of Marx, Lenin and the Soviet Communist Party accused the Chinese Communist Party the same charge.
    Genealogy, Genealogy:
    Study the descent of individuals from their ancestors or family assets. In fact, the attention of nations and peoples in this <Science> up to the ancient times. This is due to that knowledge Genealogy been well advised them, in those times, to document the bonds of tribal unity and recognizes the eligibility of one to inherit land or office without other people or at least enhance the social status in the eyes of his people or his clan.
    But <Trees ratios> that reached us from the era of the Sumerians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Indians, Chinese and other highly questionable for the mixing of fact, in those trees, imagination and myth. The Arab genealogical me special attention, which showed the large crowd of them Alnsabin in ignorance and Islam.
    If tribalism behind the interest in genealogy in ignorance there is no doubt that the desire of many Arabs and Muslims to cause parents by alliance Balaatarp Prophet Muhammad was the main factor behind the interest of people in the genealogy of the various Islamic eras.
    Emotion:
    Is the reaction of <raved>, such as love, fear, grief and anger. And some psychologists believe that children do not know, at birth, emotion at all, and emotions as they learn to learn to read and write. And reactions of two types: positive emotions like love and joy and hope, which is disturbed when he sees one thing that he liked or satisfaction, negative emotions and arousal such as anger, fear and despair, sadness, disgust, and this disturbed when one or Ernfrh what harms it.
    And reactions occur in the body changes in chemical and physical protect him from danger. And some strong emotions carrying parts of the nervous system to send a series of references to the various glands and organs to contest these glands and organs of the body defend itself. When fear, for example, produces adrenal hormones in the blood known as adrenaline or Ezerin Vttasara heartbeat, rising blood pressure, and flowing blood circulation of large amounts of sugar, which provides the body additional cards allow them to face the crisis or danger.
    But the disadvantages of excitement, too, if continued to changes caused by reactions in the body a long time, what happens in the event of recurrent fear, then we are prepared for the injury ulcers.
    Oedipus, Oedipus complex:
    Oedipus attachment to the child are sexually obsessed with his mother, usually accompanied by jealousy of the father or loathed him. Appear in children between the ages of the third age of five, may be a source of instability in the personality of, if not resolved.
    The Freud came up with the idea to people in his book <interpretation of dreams> Die Traumdeutung, in 1899 and called it this name, a reference to the myth of Oedipus (Table. Electra, node).
    Alatheologia:
    Study of animal behavior. Note is the newly, despite attempts by many scholars in this area through the ages. The scientists Albiologgion Nicholas Tinbergn the Dutch and the Austrian Konrad Lorentz (which they held in the twenties of the twentieth century, important experiments in the study of comparative animal behavior) astronaut Alitheologia modern.
    Suggest:
    In psychology, the process of carrying the person will have to respond to everyone else, without scrutiny or criticism, the movement or signal or an invitation or opinion or belief. To illustrate suppose that you want to gather a crowd of people somewhere.
    That can do so in different ways including, for example, to stand in the corner of a crowded Balgadin and departures and staring to the surface of a nearby building. And you will discover moments later that a number of quite a few people had stopped walking and took to staring at the surface of the building. If asked Imru mother gazing folk but you do not have to say <seems to me that the building was burning>, and then you could also find that one of the crowd began screaming, he felt, in fact a column of smoke or a tongue of flame.
    The truth is that the mind tends always to complete the missing pictures. So if Imru movement refers to throwing or libel, then many viewers feel as if something had died in the sure hand. If the child said, <I am indisposed Health> then accelerated his mother to put her palm on his forehead and convince themselves that they really hectic, although the thermometer (or thermometer) should serve to show the temperature of the child for her to normal.
    And children are more susceptible than adults to suggesting they have less experience and a tendency to criticism. And other intellectuals are in this regard, such as children because they are faster to the ratification of the public intellectuals.
    Self-suggestion:
    Make one's impact in certain behavior, or physical or mental condition by suggesting to himself with a particular suggestion is connected (for example, overcome insomnia deluding himself that he is sleepy, etc.). The status of some psychologists say that the different versions refined on an ongoing basis to strengthen the confidence in oneself.
    Paranoia, paranoia:
    Mental disorder characterized by the qualities highlighted by the injured doubt, suspicion, envy, paranoia, and abuse of any understanding or a note or a reference work issued by others, even to imagine one, that did not merely a contempt or ridicule him for it.

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